Building Your First Home
Every person dreams of building their very own home, but not everyone is skilled enough to do so. Here are the essential things that must not be overlooked. Experienced personals and great design can help you achieve it in no time.
Here are some steps of how to go about it.
- It begins with an empty plot, marking all the utilities, differentiated by colour, most common colours used are orange for cable, red is electric and the yellow is gas. These markings run in a line from one end to the other. The water would be in blue and the next thing would be to scrape the rest of the land and to mark it for the foundation.
- Once the land is scraped down and levelled with some large size gravel in the entrance, which will then be sprayed on with some smaller size gravel to flatten it more for the driveway.
- Now the boundary frame in place to create the outline of the house on the floor. The walls where bricks with be layered on top of each other, or where the Hardiplank will be placed.
- Next comes the plumbing. The pipes are laid down with extreme vigilance. Some vertical pipes are connected to the toilets and sink and bathtubs or wherever needed. The pipes are not completely touching the ground and they are put at an angle to give it a natural downward sliding of the water. Blue pipes for cold and red for hot water are to be running around as per the requirement of the house. It is important to have a plumbing pipe that is coming outside the house to be able to solve plumbing issues.
- The whole area is then covered in gravel and later in concrete.
- Framing walls, providing a structure which will carry the roof, siding, drywall, plumbing etc. This is built with the help of 2×4 or 2×6 thickness of the wood. They are placed vertically with headers over them and the windows and doors, to carry the load. Later shingles can be added on the roof.
- Once the main skeleton is built you can put the OSB, the chipboard or the plywood on the exterior of the walls showing a clear picture of the construction.
- From the inside, you can frame the roof with or without trusses. Trusses create a very strong interior structure if they are webbed in a skilled professional way.
- In the garage, with either a one or a two-car garage, the door opening should be very strong with laminated beam, or glulam or LVL so that it doesn’t deflect, deform or sag down as it runs from one end to the other.
- All exterior walls will have insulation in them with a skeleton structure to support it.
- Windows can be engineered in a way to have supports in between to hold them or bigger ones with a bigger and stronger header to support the house structure. The interior and the exterior of the windows are caulked to make it airtight and waterproof.
- The front porch of the house could be beautifully designed with some thick columns of 4×4 with some framing around it to support the pretty porch in the front
- The windows and doors are filled in and the house is completely wrapped and underlayment is placed on the roof. The roof could be designed to suit the climatic conditions.
- The plumbing now shows how it is placed at places like shower, basin and toilets as well as in the washing area with water outlets and drainage.
- The ducting can be placed to the vents in each room so that the hot/cold air could be carried through these ducts for the room to be correctly conditioned.
- All the switch sockets are placed and held where they should be.
- All the electrical wiring points are locked in and finalized. The wires are then taken from the rooftop cavity above the insulation and brought to the main breaker box.
- The Hardiplank, a wood chipboard mix, with a textured finish on the outside.
- The walls are filled in with lumber layers of 2×4 frame with drywall on each side of the wall.
Once all the final finishes are done, a yard is placed on the sides in front with plantation area for home gardening on the backside.